Puglia is situated in the far southeast of Italy; it has affectionately been referred to as "the heel of the boot" for many years. Puglia has ranked at or near the top of production levels for all Italian regions for decades, as vineyards are planted throughout the region, along the coast and inland. There are 30 DOC wines of Puglia and four DOCG wines; some are tiny, such as Cacc'e mmitte di Lucera, produced only in a small zone in the province of Foggia, while other DOC wines, while a few, such as Aleatico di Puglia, are produced throughout the region. Less than 5% of all Puglian wine is DOP. Total production is about 70% red.

The Puglia IGT encompasses red, white, rosé, passito and frizzante wines made throughout the region. Most wines made in the regions either fall under a specific DOP (e.g., Salice Salentino, Brindisi) or another IGT, such as Salento or Tarantino. Most wine identified simply as Puglia IGT are found only in their immediate zones. (Wine/Appellations)