While Pennsylvania does not immediately spark thoughts of wine for most people, it is one of the top ten states in terms of wine production. It is among the top five as far as total grape output, although some of these grapes are sold as table fruit or used in jams. Today there are 200 wineries spread throughout the state, with a total of 14,000 acres of vines. There are five AVA within the state; the Lehigh Valley appellation in southeastern Pennsylvania, is one of the most important. Here the climate is more moderate than much of the rest of the state, and leading varieties include Riesling, Merlot and Chardonnay, along with a few hybrid varieties such as Chambourcin and Vidal. (Wine/Appellations)