Situated on the plains of Patagonia, Neuquen is one of the world's newest wine regions, having only been planted on a commercial level on the banks of the river of the same name in the early 2000s. In 1999 the pioneer of the region, Finca del Fin del Mundo (end of the world), planted the first commercial vineyards and released its first vintage in 2003. Since then they have sold or contracted off parts of their holdings to encourage development and as of 2015, 3,500 acres are under vine.

This is a cool region, and one of the southernmost in the world. As such, it is being looked at as having the potential to produce quality Pinot Noir, unlike Argentina's main wine regions. Unlike the vast majority of Argentina, elevation (only 1,000 feet) and the Andes (150 miles to the west) play little part--Neuquen is just REALLY far south. Strong desert winds and long days with intense sunlight provide enough warmth for ripening, while the nights and extreme latitude preserve acidity and lengthen the growing season. The jury is still out on Pinot Noir, but there is no doubt the whites are interesting. At a minimum, the wines of Neuquen are unique and worth trying, if for nothing else than the "end of the world" novelty. (Wine/Appellations)