The state of Illinois has a quiet, but growing wine industry, as today there are over 100 wineries, up from only 14 in 1997. While there are wineries in various part of the state, the most important are found in the southern sector, especially in the Shawnee Hills AVA, not far from the borders with Kentucky and Missouri. Given the harsh winters and hot summers, much of the viticulture centers around hybrid varieties such as Seyval, Vignoles, Norton and Chambourcin. Fruit wine from blackberries and strawberries are also produced, but the most pleasant surprise has been the production of classically made sparkling wines by the Illinois Sparkling Company, located in the northern central section of the state. A total of 1000 acres are planted across the state. (Wine/Appellations)